AUGUST 17 2007 09:07h
The American historian claims that partisans killed half a million people during WWII and even more after the war.
Spurred by a statement by Krk Bishop Valter Zupan who equalised Tito and his crimes with those of Adolf Hitler and the recent probing of a fox hole in Tezno near Maribor in which there are allegedly at least 15,000 victims of post-war mass executions, we dealt with the subject of the deadliest regimes of the 20th century, which includes Josip Broz Tito, according to the greatest American expert on issues of genocide.
Yugoslavia placed among mega killers
Rudolph Joseph Rummel, an American professor of political science, conducted research relating to the deadliest regimes of the 20th century. According to Rummel there are several categories of infamous regimes, depending on the number of lives a certain regime took.
Professor Rummel stresses that during World War Two, democide had been committed in Yugoslavia by the Nazis, Chetniks, Ustashi and Tito’s partisans. The author says that during the war the Ustashi killed more than 650,000 people, mostly Serbs, and Tito’s regime took half a million lives, mostly anti-communists, Ustashi and the regime’s critics. After the war the number rose, Rummel said.
The biggest obstacle to his research was that one could not draw a clear line between Yugoslav soldiers who died fighting against each other (Chetniks, partisans, Ustashi), Rummel stressed.
According to his data, the partisans killed some 100,000 people by July 1944, after which they became a legal army and killed another half a million people by the end of the war. The Chetniks killed some 100,000 people during the entire war, the author says.
Forced labour and the imprisonment of all enemies of the regime were typical for Tito’s reign, as well as the entire eastern Europe of that time. Live in camps for enemies of the regime was hell. Famine, overcrowdedness, brutality and exceptionally poor living conditions took some 200,000 lives, according to Rummel. The most infamous camp of that sort was Goli Otok.
The number of victims reaches two million?
After the war Tito’s rule persecuted and killed Germans, Italians, Muslims and Albanians, says theauthor.
On the other hand, the German string puppet, as Rummel calls the Independent State of Croatia (NDH, 1941-1945), killed some 650,000 people in its camps, mostly Jews, Serbs and Roma.
Rummel writes that during the war, Tito’s partisans killed some half a million people and after they came to power and until the end of the regime, they killed some 570,000 people, mostly Croatians. The author arrived at these numbers by comparing various figures by different historians. Taking into consideration their inclination towards one or the other regime, he extrapolated from their research mean values. In any case, he says Tito’s regime was responsible for at least 500,000 victims. The author is unequivocal concerning the historical assessment of Tito. For him Tito is a criminal just as Stalin, Hitler, Pol Pot and similar dictators. Rummel also stressed that there was an unjust differentiation between “left and right mass killers”. While right-wing killers such as Pinochet will easily be condemned by the people, people will more often find excuses and justifications for left killers. And crime is a crime.
In the attachment is a complete table of the number of victims in the former Yugoslavia according to the year and reasons for which they were killed.