AUGUST 18 2008 04:28h

Will Italian Irredentists Celebrate in Pula?




Will the heads of Istria and Pula host extremists from the independent region of Pula in exile, led by general Mazzaroli?

-.-Wikimedia Commons-.-On August 18, a commemoration will be held to mark the tragedy at the former bathing area Vergarolla, where in 1946 at 2:10pm an explosion killed more than 60 women, children and men, and a lot more were injured. The exact number of those that were killed or injured was never established, and various information was published. The so called “Esul” organizations, their bulletins and publicists have been accusing the Yugoslav authority for the accident, and recently they have been joined by some well known Italian media and historians that lecture at Italian universities, claiming that it was one of the reasons for the exodus.

For a number of years, the family from Pula (Famiglia Polesana) and other representatives from the independent region of Pula who are in the extremist Union of Istrians, have attended the ceremony. The independent province of Istria, are in exile in Trieste, amongst who is the mayor of the so called region of Pula - the retired general Silvio Mazzaroli. After information about this was published on, there were fierce reactions all over Croatia, and it is not known if the mentioned people will be present at this year’s commemoration.

Chief “witness” and collocutor irredentist pro-fascist

We were mostly interested in informing the general public of what happened that Sunday afternoon at the bathing area, and what was written about this in the Italian media and books.

Let us start with the book “L'esodo da Pola” (Castelvetro 1989), and irredentist-pro-fascist publication by the publisher Lino Vivoda, who published the names of the 64 victims. The youngest victim was only 3 years old and the oldest was 72. Amongst those killed was Vivoda’s brother Sergio who was only 8 years old. He wrote that the Slavs wanted to eliminate the Italians from Istria, as well as the whole Julianus region, with mysterious genocide acts, and move citizens from all of Yugoslavia there in order to “balkanize the city that is the ‘pearl of Istria’s nobility’”. This is how the exiled general Mazzaroli sees it, who is now a leading member responsible for printed publications, culture and tradition in the ‘creation by the exiled people’ and director of the magazine “Istria Europe”. He gave interviews a number of times about the tragedy in Vergarolli, and announced the names of the executors. He talked about the tragedy for the newspaper “Glas Istre” on October 4, 1999:

-.--.-It (the tragedy) was desirable because of the politics of shunning Italians, and there are reliable documents about this.

Too many Italians get in the way, because if more Italians leave, more “others” will be left to vote about their belonging to Yugoslavia.(…) The tragedy in Vergaroli happened in that light, and it was certainly not an accident. Before all, because the mines did not have detonators in them even though they were full of explosives. (…) In the end it all points to the organization and plan by “OZN”, whose headquarters were in Opatija, which was under the control of the “Yugoslavofiles” from Pula. Soon I will publish the identity of the person that issued the order to activate the bomb in Vergaroli.(…).

He never revealed any names because he is a great liar and forger. As far as “Glas Istre” is concerned, regarding the killed and injured citizens of Pula, he published various and incorrect numbers:

On August 21, 2007 he mentioned around 100 killed, on March 11 2008 he mentioned 116 killed and 216 injured. However, Milan’s “Il Giornale” (August 18, 1996) published in the article “Pula Tragedy, series B” that 64 Italians died in the assassination, and the author Mario Cabona wrote a shocking accusation comparing the assassinators with the German and French Nazi criminals. The sentence read:

“Let us say once, what was repeated with every Eichmann, every Barbie, every Priebke: ‘Must not be forgotten’”.

The article was published by the pro-fascist portals and (this one changed one letter in the title: instead of a B they wrote a C). In the book “Istria ’45-’46. Prison diary”, which was presented by the Trieste based Neo-irredentist association “Nacionalna Liga” (LN) in San Daniel in 2005. They accused the “partigiani slavi” for a barbaric massacre on the beach of Vergarolla in which more than 110 of Pula’s citizens died. These are not the only falsifications, especially because the Pula newspaper “L'Arena di Pola” published the headline “Pola in lutto” (Pula in grievance) on August 20, 1946. They wrote that 62 dead bodies were found, of which 37 identities were confirmed. This was confirmed by surviving citizens of Pula, who say that there were 25 injured.

Italian karabiners work for English agents

The research body of the Anglo-American management in Pula claimed in 1946 that no perpetrators were found for the explosion in the Vergorala bathing area. However, the accusations continued after the Italian publisher “Editoriale FVG spa” recently published the book “Trieste e il confine orientale fra guerra e dopoguerra 1946-1951” (Udine-Trst 2008), in the library “Top Secret”, by the Italian journalist Fabio Amode and the Argentinean researcher Mario J. Cereghin. The Trieste “Il Piccolo”, got a permit from the journalist Pietar Spirit to write the exclusive article “English archives reveal: slaughter in Vergarolli is the will of Tito’s agents”. It wrote that OZN was responsible for the slaughter in which 28 mines exploded with a total of nine tonnes of trotil explosives. Amongst the executors was the Rijeka citizen Giuseppe Kovacich, who is already known as a spy and terrorist.

-.--.-In the secret document “Sabotage in Pula” from December 19, 1946, which is kept in the English National Archives in Kew Gardens, it says that the Rijeka citizen Giuseppe Covacich (“C” written instead of “K”), the former member of the Italian navy, now OZN, was specialized for terrorist activities and is responsible for multiple murders. He held the connection between Rijeka and Trieste and visited one of OZN’s bases in Trieste, Via Cicerone 2, and his sister Amalia Covacich lives in Via Milano 5, who could be a dangerous exponent of Tito’s secret service”. He is one of the suspects for sabotage in Vergarolli, where 63 people died.

Information, such as the fact that “Giuseppe Banco, 34 years old, communist, delivered large quantities of weaponry to his colleagues on the border of Pula, and that he is wanted by the police but fled to Zone B (Fazana)” was delivered to English agents by karabiners from the special unit Battaglione 808 that was a part of the Italian intelligence agency SIM. Back in that period, it was not known who would get Pula and certain parts of Istria – Yugoslavia or Italy. It is clear that somebody wanted the blame for the tragedy in Vergarolli to be placed on Tito and OZN, and this means Croatia in which Pula later became a part of.

After publishing an article in “Il Piccolo” many articles in other Italian media followed, and the best selling Italian daily newspaper “Corriere della Sera” wrote the headline “Pula 1946: Tito Behind Slaughter on Beach” which blames Tito and Giuseppe Kovacich. But “Il Piccolo” did not stop there and published an more extensive article “Italian secret service knew Tito’s strategy for the slaughter in Vergarolli”, which was full of forgeries and allegations.

In the alliance of anti-fascist fighters of the Istrian county in Pula, they say that it is all imagination and slander. However, the fact is that in Croatia it seems that nobody is interested in the Italian anti-propaganda which is being created saying that the slaughter in the bathing area was organized in order to shun the Italians, and amongst the names there were those with Croatian surnames or those who were Italianised.